South Africa’s gold and platinum mines will shed around 90,000 jobs in the next three years as above-inflation electricity price increases by power utility Eskom add to already soaring operating costs, an industry body said.
The Minerals Council of South Africa said in a presentation in Johannesburg that, “In total, as many as 90,222 jobs would be at risk solely as a result of the MYPD4 tariff increases granted by Eskom.”
Job cuts are politically sensitive in Africa’s most industrialised economy where a quarter of the labour force is unemployed, while power outages and steep price increases by Eskom are set to hurt an already fragile growth outlook.
In February, miner Sibanye-Stillwater said it planned to cut nearly 6,000 jobs in a restructuring of its gold mining operations, while Gold Fields said last year it could slash 1,100 jobs, and Impala Platinum plans to cut its workforce by a third.
Labour unions have threatened strikes over the job cuts at mining firms as well planned reductions at numerous state-owned companies.
Energy regulator Nersa said in early March Eskom could hike tariffs by 9.41 per cent in the 2019, 8.10 per cent in 2020 and 5.2 per cent in 2021, far less than Eskom’s request for increases above 15 per cent in each of the three years.
The industry body said that 71 per cent of all gold mines and 65 per cent of platinum mines were “loss-making or marginal” by the end of 2018, adding the power price hike would make the situation even worse.
Once the largest contributor to South Africa’s gross domestic product, mining has shrunk steadily over the last decade with hard-to-reach deposits, high wage settlements and uncertainty over ownership laws deterring investors against a backdrop of slack global demand.
Last week, Statistics South Africa data showed gold production contracted for the 15th month in a row, shrinking by 22.5 per cent in January, while platinum output was up 8.8 per cent in the same period.
“We see the Eskom crisis as not just a crisis but a potential disaster,” said Mines Council chief executive Roger Baxter.